It has tried to strengthen its influence over international politics. It is the word most commonly used to designate the new era that mankind has entered. There is too little space here to discuss this project, so I will simply mention the main task the world federalists should take upon themselves, i.
One wonders, however, how representative they really are: Other NGOs are integrated in the state system and are recognized by international organizations.
Some oppose globalization in an effort to counter the inequalities and imbalances it causes. Email "Globalization" has become a buzz word, and it is arousing the typical disquiet that comes from the prospect of deep and inevitable change.
They participate in international conferences in an advisory capacity and exert real influence on negotiations. We can hardly expect the "invisible hand" of the world market to achieve such collective values as full employment, aid to the backward countries, or environmental protection, much less international democracy.
A decline in the power of a nation to levy taxes brings with it a decline of the Welfare State. This is a process of change that can be speeded up or slowed down, but certainly not accepted or rejected.
A return to protectionism would constitute a reactionary attempt - and an over-ambitious one doomed to failure - to halt the powerful productive forces that are driving the human race towards unification. When sovereign states decline there is a parallel decline in democracy.
In their twilight years nation-states now share the limelight with new players: The assumption that underpins these goals, whose affirmation must necessarily be conceived as gradual, is that globalization cannot be governed by decision-making processes based on the principles of unanimity and veto, as adopted by internationals conferences.
The world is fast and irresistibly approaching unity. It is reasonable to believe that Europe will hold sufficient power to relieve the United States of some of their overwhelming world responsibilities, and thus have the authority to persuade them to support the democratic reform of the United Nations.
States are no longer the only players on the international political stage. It goes without saying that mankind can only benefit hugely from the development of a division of labour among the different parts of the world.
What the two authors fail to state is that in order to democratize globalization, a global Parliament is not enough. This is a formula that justifies the existing world order; it is based on the principle of national sovereignty, and on the dominance of multinational corporations in the world market and of the United States in world politics.
The response of governments The response of governments to globalization has been to pursue international cooperation, not because it is their inclination, but because they have no other choice. The question we must ask ourselves is this: The European Union could be such a power.
To defeat the opposition of the United States a center of power must emerge with the capability of supporting the plan for a world democratic order. But first, there is an institutional issue that has to be resolved: So the World Parliament must be seen as a crucial milestone on the way toward forming a democratic government endowed with the necessary powers to enforce the laws approved by the World Parliament.
For the first time in human history, there is a market economy stretching all the way around the globe, driven by the revolution in production, communication and information technologies.
However, if it is to speak with a single voice, Europe must complete the process of federal unification. The role of European Federation There is no concealing the fact that the plan to bring globalization under democratic control is meeting with formidable opposition, primarily on the part of the government of the United States, which will not let its power be lessened by the international organizations that it belongs to, nor by movements arising in a global civil society.
The great concentrations of economic power have gained the greatest benefits from market globalization, allowing them to escape the control of governments. Where democratic institutions do exist, i. Why else would even the United States, the strongest economic power in the world, be seeking a free trade zone stretching right across the Americas, to build a large enough market to compete against other economic zones - primarily Europe - that are being organized in the rest of the world?
According to two American academics, Richard Falk and Andrew Strauss, who published an article in Foreign Affairs at the beginning of this year entitled Toward Global Parliament, an alliance such as this could give rise to a treaty instituting a World Parliament.
Towards a World Parliament The role that the movements of civil society have acquired on the international scene paves the way for new forms of political action, now termed the new diplomacy. By tearing down the barriers that hinder the creation of a single world market, globalization increases wealth and produces new opportunities for prosperity.
These are citizens protesting against being excluded from representation within international organizations. Of course there is a "downside", such as jobs lost through the development of automation, but there are also advantages in new jobs being created. It is the force generated by new methods of production, and it is giving every segment of society a dimension far greater than that of even the greatest sovereign state.
Conversely, these decisions are taken at the international level, where instead of democratic institutions, there are centers of political power the United States or economic power the multinational corporationsneither of whom are accountable to the world citizens.
Thus globalization is not the problem, it is part of the solution. The experience of democratic regimes teaches us that no parliament can govern a country alone. International meetings and organizations are multiplying: What needs remedying is the fact that the benefits of globalization are spread unevenly throughout the world.14 Richard Falk and Andrew Strauss Global Commonwealth of Citizens: Toward Cosmopolitan Democracy ().
2 For one of many additional important works within the cosmopolitan democracy school A Global Parliament: Essays and Articles. Note: The European Parliament, also not well known in the U.S., is in fact a model for democratic governance in an age of growing globalization.
For over 20 years it has been directly elected by citizens of different countries, bypassing national governments (one person one vote, but with some weighting to help small countries).
A Global Parliament: Essays and Articles by Richard Falk, Andrew Strauss starting at $ A Global Parliament: Essays and Articles has 1 available editions to buy at Alibris Essays and Articles by Richard Falk, Andrew Strauss Write The First Customer Review + Add to Wishlist.
Toward a Just Peace. by Richard Falk. According to two American academics, Richard Falk and Andrew Strauss, who published an article in Foreign Affairs at the beginning of this year entitled Toward Global Parliament, an alliance such as this could give rise to.
Toward a Global Parliament, THE NATION, September 22, (with Richard Falk).
Living Happily Ever After, WORLD EDITORIAL & INTERNATIONAL LAW, March, America in the Dock, FINANCIAL TIMES, August 22, (with Andrew Simms). Joseph Nye and Richard Falk and Andrew Strauss in “Foreign Affairs“ and in “World Link” on the desirability of a World Parliament (Falk/StraussFalk/StraussNyeNye b).Download