The question is why? Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. He was highly concerned with power and with the ways in some people gained domination over other people.
He is the most important sociological forerunner of modern functionalism Wallace, Wolf ? Crime in Contemporary Society For addressing the occurrence of crime in contemporary American society, social control theory seems to be much better and more logical than conflict theory.
However, in employing the sociological imagination it is believed that distinctions are able to be made between the two. That, in turn, reduces the chances that the person will get involved in behavior that is not seen as being social Hirschi, They can become change agents and work toward benefitting themselves and others like them, or they can give up and turn to criminality in order to attempt to get the things that they are being denied by society Thio, ; Hirschi, They focus on different values, assume different things about society and differ in their explanations of power.
Power analysis leads to the sharing of the resources that give more or less power. Another early supporter of conflict theory was Max Weber. Conflict Theory Conflict theory states that there are inequalities in a social group that are material, social, or political Stark, However, that does not mean that they cannot choose a different path or that they absolutely have to be criminals if they decide to set their sights on something better.
Karl Marx was the creator of conflict theory in sociology. These men developed the concepts and ideas that founded this theory. There are four different types of control that are used in this particular theory. There are sociopaths who really do not feel much of anything, for example, and there are also people whose societal norms include a high level of criminality.
It is important to discuss and address those issues because both theories have been used as a way to talk about the occurrence of crime in contemporary American society. While criminality could certainly be part of those actions, it is most definitely not the only action for which conflict theory can be discussed.
In other words, people want to fit in with society and will avoid criminal behavior so they can fit in more easily. When people become aware of their common interest they become two social classes. It is safe to say that conflict theory and functionalism are different in many ways, but if put together with its differences, can work together to make one.
The theory of functionalism values the integration of all parts of society. Naturally, this is not true for everyone or there would not be any criminals. This comes after the shocking incident that took place on April 16th of where a young South Korean student opened fire on the Virginia Tech campus, killing thirty-two innocent people in two separate attacks before taking his own life.
So this means that not only are people classified by their race, and gender, but they are also classified by their income and the type of lifestyles that they obtain.
These two theories create very different ways of looking at the world but each have strong points and evidence to back them up. Controlling through the satisfaction of needs is one of the most significant, because it is believed that people who engage in criminal activity would not do so if all of their needs were being met by acceptable societal behavior Hirschi, In some cases, the person simply feels as though the criminal behavior is wrong or inappropriate, and that it is best avoided.
Conflict theory is the major alternative to functionalism as an approach to analyzing general structure of society; and it is increasingly popular and important in modern sociology Wallace, Wolf ?
Since there are several different theories about how criminality is created and how it grows and manifests in a person, looking at the two theories that will be considered here will help to provide a better perspective on how criminals are created.
Direct control is another of the four types. Of course, this is not the case with every person on the planet.
It also values a normal state of affairs or equilibrium Wallace, Wolf Even though there are several different theories, anything that causes a deep level of conflict is very important to be aware of, because conflict relates to criminality in many ways Stark, They might see their families engage in criminal behavior, or they may grow up with peers who are focused on criminality Hirschi, Historically, these specific crimes would probably not have taken place.
More essays like this: The idea behind conflict theory is that capitalism and other socioeconomic systems produce tensions that are internal and that will lead the system to destroy itself eventually Thio, The other is the assessment of social institutions in terms of the role and function they play in a social system.
Functionalism has two major grounds. Theorists view power not only as scarce and unequally divided but as essentially coercive. Positive and Negative Reinforcement Both positive and negative reinforcement can be used when it…. He also analyzed both historical and contemporary society in terms of conflicts between different social groups with different interests.
Because criminality is a large part of any society, the ways in which criminals are handled - and the ways in which they develop their criminal behavior - are both very important to consider in an effort to reduce the number of criminals in that society.A major purpose of this paper is to discuss conflict theory and social control theory from many phases.
Sociological imagination originated in beginning with C. Wright Mills, an American sociologist. In comparing between conflict theory to social control theory it's noted that both theories support maintenances of law and order in the society.
Therefore, the theories are both supporting the existence of law and order in the society, as they set the standards required the society to abide by the rules without being monitored or commanded to.
Comparing Conflict Theory and Social Control Theory A major purpose of this paper is to discuss conflict theory and social control theory from many phases. Sociological imagination originated in beginning with C. Wright Mills, an American sociologist. Comparing conflict theory and social control theory Ann M Thomas CJA/ criminological theory September 7, Professor Steve Nance A major purpose of this paper is to discuss conflict theory and social control theory from many phases.
This theory is a social psychological theory thought to explain prejudice (Conflict Theories, ). An example for this would be immigration.
With all the bombings, terrorist attacks, and violence from one ethnic group or religious group. Functionalism vs Conflict Theory Essay Sample. The theory of functionalism and conflict theory differ in several ways.
They focus on different values, assume different things about society and differ in their explanations of power.Download