Peace building and community development in uganda essay

Initiatives that incorporate citizen-based peacebuilding include community peace projects in schools and villages, local peace commissions and problem-solving workshopsand a variety of other grassroots initiatives.

Peacebuilding is a long-term process that occurs after violent conflict has slowed down or come to a halt. The relational dimension of peacebuilding centers on reconciliationforgivenesstrust buildingand future imagining. In traumatic situations, a person is rendered powerless and faces the threat of death and injury.

Many believe that the greatest resource for sustaining peace in the long term is always rooted in the local people and their culture.

Lynne Rienner Publishers, Inc. Avenues of political and economic transformation include social structural change to remedy political or economic injustice, reconstruction programs designed to help communities ravaged by conflict revitalize their economies, and the institution of effective and legitimate restorative justice systems.

He says that war can create an incentive to create institutions at all levels in order to consolidate power and extract resources from the citizens while also giving some power to the citizens depending upon how much the institutions rely on them for tax revenues.

West Africa and Sahel4. Sustainable Reconciliation in Divided Societies. Peacebuilding initiatives try to fix the core problems that underlie the conflict and change the patterns of interaction of the involved parties. And middle-range Peace building and community development in uganda essay, infrastructure building, and grassroots projects do not typically attract significant funding, even though these sorts of projects may have the greatest potential to sustain long-term conflict transformation.

Another side contends that liberal democracy might be an insufficient or even inappropriate goal for peacebuilding efforts and that the focus must be on a social transformation to develop non-violent mechanisms of conflict resolution regardless of their form.

Virginia Fortna of Columbia University, however, holds that peacekeeping interventions actually do substantively matter following the end of a civil war. Brussels-based nonprofit that promotes and implements unarmed civilian peacekeeping as a tool for reducing violence and protecting civilians in situations of violent conflict Research and academic institutes[ edit ] Center for Justice and Peacebuilding: These root causes are typically complex, but include skewed land distribution, environmental degradation, and unequal political representation.

Few peacebuilding plans work unless regional neighbors and other significant international actors support peace through economic development aid and humanitarian relief. Addressing Root Causes The structural dimension of peacebuilding focuses on the social conditions that foster violent conflict.

According the United Nations UN document An Agenda for Peace [1], peacebuilding consists of a wide range of activities associated with capacity building, reconciliationand societal transformation.

Inthe first Prime Minister, Dr. His multiple re-elections have been marred with accusations of electoral fraud and violence. But as already noted, higher-order peace, connected to improving local capacities, is not possible simply through third-party intervention. These agents advance peace-building efforts by addressing functional and emotional dimensions in specified target areas, including civil society and legal institutions.

Democratization seeks to establish legitimate and stable political institutions and civil liberties that allow for meaningful competition for political power and broad participation in the selection of leaders and policies. The social fabric that has been destroyed by war must be repaired, and trauma must be dealt with on the national, community, and individual levels.

However, many note that the retributive justice advanced by Western legal systems often ignores the needs of victims and exacerbates wounds. Regarding the debate about the role of the liberal democratic model in peacebuilding, one side contends that liberal democracy is a viable end goal for peacebuilding activities in itself but that the activities implemented to achieve it need to be revised; a rushed transition to democratic elections and market economy can undermine stability and elections held or economic legislation enacted are an inappropriate yardstick for success.

Local and international actors, norms, institutions and interests engage with each other in various different contexts, according to their respective power relations and their different conceptions of legitimate authority structures.

Nongovernmental organizations[ edit ] Alliance for Peacebuilding: Various institutions provide the necessary funding for peacebuilding projects. Inthe top five LRA leaders were indicted for war crimes and crimes against humanity. As parties share their experiences, they learn new perspectives and change their perception of their "enemies.

The Peace, Recovery and Development Plan

Thinking about the future involves articulating desirable structural, systemic, and relationship goals. He contends that through the process of autonomous recovery, international peacekeeping missions can be unnecessary for recovery because they assume that conflicts cannot be resolved by the country internally.

He claims that war leads to peace by allowing the naturally stronger belligerent gain power, rather than a brokered peace deal that leaves two sides still capable of fighting.

The parties make a commitment to let go of angerand to refrain from repeating the injury. Geneva-based nonprofit and strategic partner of the United Nations that works to build lasting peace by following five core principles that put people at the center of the peacebuilding process Jewish-Palestinian Living Room Dialogue Group: The Personal Dimension The personal dimension of peacebuilding centers on desired changes at the individual level.According the United Nations (UN) document An Agenda for Peace [1], peacebuilding consists of a wide range of activities associated with capacity building, reconciliation, and societal transformation.

Peacebuilding is a long-term process that occurs after violent conflict has slowed down or come to a halt. Uganda: Conflict profile Uganda has suffered intermittent conflict since independence in Inthe first Prime Minister, Dr.

Milton Obote, overthrew the country’s first President, Sir Edward Mutesa II and pronounced Uganda a republic.


Among the Government of Uganda’s most prominent measures to support transition to lasting peace in northern Uganda is the creation of a comprehensive peace-building and development plan for the region. Gender, Peace building and conflict resolution 31 IV.

BEST PRACTICES 3 V. CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS 38 It is in this context that the EAC Gender and community Development Framework (EAC/GCDF) stresses gender as a crosscutting issue. However, this framework was developed before Rwanda joined the EAC.

Likewise, the Joint Utstein study of peace-building concludes that "peace-building attempts to encourage the development of the structural conditions, attitudes, and modes of political behavior that may permit peaceful, stable and ultimately prosperous social and economic development.".

Peacebuilding is an intervention technique or method that is designed to prevent the start or resumption of violent conflict by creating a sustainable ultimedescente.comuilding activities address the root causes or potential causes of violence, create a societal expectation for peaceful conflict resolution, and stabilize society politically and socioeconomically.

Peace building and community development in uganda essay
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