Republicans, refusing to give in to demands to print more paper money, instead withdrew money from the economy by passing the Resumption Act of to curb skyrocketing inflation. African Americans gained citizenship rights like the ability to serve on juries as a result of the Civil Rights Act of and the Fourteenth Amendment.
The biggest threat to Republican power in the South had been the violence and intimidation of white Democrats. Vagrancy laws enabled law enforcement to justify the arrest of innocent black men and women, and the convict-lease system meant that arbitrary arrests often resulted in decades of forced, uncompensated labor.
Wages plummeted and a growing system of debt peonage trapped workers in endless cycles of poverty. Defiantly, Johnson ignored the act, fired Stanton in the summer of while Congress was in recessand replaced him with Union general Ulysses S.
Emancipation was the single most important economic, social, and political outcome of the war. Anthony, standing, three-quarter length portrait], between and In the contested presidential election that year, Republican candidate Rutherford B.
Extended the bilingual election requirements through August 5, Their efforts to control their labor met the immediate opposition of southern white women. The future of the South was uncertain. But I feel that I have claims upon my country.
Southerners did make astonishing gains in industrial production during this time, but it was never enough. Reestablishing Order in the South The murderous Memphis and New Orleans race riots of proved that Reconstruction needed to be declared and enforced, and the Military Reconstruction Act jump-started this process.
Passed by the 90th Congress — as H. The Twenty-fourth Amendment forbade the requirement for poll taxes in federal elections; by this time five of the eleven southern states continued to require such taxes. Broadcasting the New Departure, the NWSA encouraged women to register to vote, which roughly seven hundred did between and The Homestead Act, meant to open the West to small farmers, was often frustrated by railroad corporations and speculators.
Supreme Court decisions rendered between and that had raised the bar for workers who alleged job discrimination. Selected Supreme Court cases[ edit ]. Many did not like what they saw, especially given the possibility of racial equality. But white conservatives chafed at the influx of black residents and the establishment of biracial politics.
Anthony was one of them and was arrested but then acquitted in trial.
But Southern states reacted rapidly to Supreme Court decisions, often devising new ways to continue to exclude blacks from voter rolls and voting; most blacks in the South did not gain the ability to vote until after passage of the mids federal civil rights legislation and beginning of federal oversight of voter registration and district boundaries.
Civil Rights Act of P.Section Two of the amendment granted Congress the “power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.” Racial violence in the Reconstruction period took three major forms: riots against black political authority, interpersonal fights, and organized vigilante groups.
The Political History of the United States of America During. The Reconstruction Amendments are the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, The measure was swiftly ratified by all but three Union states (the exceptions were Delaware, New Jersey, and Kentucky), and by a sufficient number of border and "reconstructed" Southern states, During this period.
During Reconstruction, three amendments to the Constitution were made in an effort to establish equality for black Americans. The Thirteenth Amendment, adopted inabolishes slavery or. The Reconstruction Amendments are often referred to as Civil War Amendments.
These are Amendments that were created and ratified in the five years following the Civil War, meaning between and this time, the right to vote regardless of race, color, or previous status in the United States.
These Reconstruction Amendments helped to. The Fourteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution was adopted in July In Congress passed a variety of Reconstruction Acts that were meant to govern how the former Confederate states would be readmitted to the Union. were three bill passed by the Federal government in and that were intended to protect.
What was a common purpose of the three amendments added to the United States Constitution between and ? A major result of the Reconstruction period was that Jim Crow laws passed in the South during the late s were designed to.Download